Montreal is the most populated municipality in Quebec and Canada’s second largest city. Complete Streets are referred to as “Rues Conviviales” in Québec.
The City of Montreal’s transportation plan, Réinventer Montréal, states its goal is to reduce dependence on automobiles by heavily investing in active and collective modes of transportation including streetcars, subway, biking, efficient buses, walking, carpooling, car-sharing, and taxis. The borough in Montreal called Plateau-Mont-Royal (PMR) is home to 100,000 residents who tend to use such active and collective modes of transportation in greater numbers than residents of any other borough in Montreal. However, the non-residents of PMR who cut through the borough are mostly responsible for approximately half a million cars that pass through the area every day. In response to these statistics and with City Council adoption of Réinventer Montréal in 2008, an urban transportation plan (Plan de déplacement urbain 2009-2024 (PDU)) for PMR was developed.
The following is a description of PDU, translated in English from its original French version: The PDU for Plateau-Mont-Royal is the first to emerge in Montreal and enables one of the most densely populated urban areas in the country to pioneer planning of active and collective transportation and public mobility.This PDU is the fruit of the expertise of municipal transportation specialists combined with public consultations led by the Commission of Urban Safety and Traffic (CSUC).It is driven by the borough’s political will to significantly reduce the dependence on the automobile and prioritize users of active and public transport, as set out in Réinventer Montréal.
The PDU in combination with PMR’s sustainable development plan (Plan de dévelopment durable 2010-2015) has led to great changes in PMR. According to an article by Radio-Canada on July 7, 2015, residential streets in the borough will no longer be accessible to cars, and all other local roads have a reduced speed limit of 30km/h. This rule was put in place July 6, 2015 and will apply to all areas of the borough. The article says that the mayor of PMR claims that reduced speed limits will reduce the risk of collisions and increases the risk of collision survival by 60%. These changes are intended to increase the safety of residents, particularly children and the elderly.
Some award-winning changes have been made in the borough, including the expansion of Baldwin Park which resulted in eliminating part of Marie-Anne Rd. This project was recognized in 2013 by the non-profit independent organization dedicated to protecting the environment and promoting sustainable development in Montreal, called CRE (Conseils régionaux de l’environnement Montréal). The roughly translated title of the award allocated to this project is “Best Management for the Security of Vulnerable People.” Other changes such as additional bike lanes have been made in PMR, and more changes are likely to come in the near future.
The following are photos of this development taken from a document of the laureates of CRE’s competition for the most convivial streets in 2013.
Guidelines and Standards | 2013
The City of Montreal’s 2013 “Quartiers Verts: Guide d’aménagement durable des rues de Montréal” includes numerous references to “Rues Conviviales” (Complete Streets). The guide is intended as a resource for neighbourhoods to use in transitioning to a sustainable public realm and to serve as a means of standardizing Complete Streets designs in Montreal (p. VI).
The guide promotes Complete Streets as a means of ensuring streets are designed with all users and modes in mind, with a particular emphasis on accommodating seniors, children and disabled people, and that street design promotes cycling, walking and transit use. The guide includes a wide variety of Complete Streets examples, neighbourhood maps, and design strategies for traffic calming, street greening, and prioritizing walking, cycling and transit.
Transportation Plan | 2008
Montreal’s 2008 Plan de transport refers to building streets “plus conviviales,” or more friendly, which is the French term for Complete Streets. “Dans le contexte d’un accroissement anticipé du nombre de cyclistes et de piétons, il est essentiel de travailler à rendre les rues plus accueillantes et plus conviviales, où chaque utilisateur pourra effectuer ses déplacements de façon sécuritaire”